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2005年考研英语词汇复习测试题1

1. please do not be by his bad manners since he is merely trying to attract attention.
  (a) disregarded (b) distorted (c) irritated (d) intervened 2. craig assured his boss that he would all his energies in doing this new job.
  (a) call forth (b) call at (c) call on (d) call off
  3. too much to x - rays can cause skin burns, cancer or other damage to the body.
  (a) disclosure (b) exhibition (c) contact (d) exposure
  4. when confronted with such questions, my mind goes , and i can hardly remember my own date of birth.
  (a) dim (b) blank (c) faint (d) vain
  5. it is well known that knowledge is the ______condition for expansion of mind.
  (a) incompatible (b) incredible (c) indefinite (d) indispensible
  6. more than two hundred years ago the united states from the british empire and became an independent country.
  (a) got off (b) pulled down (c) broke away (d) dropped off
  7. care should be taken to decrease the length of time that one is loud continuous noise.
  (a) subjected to (b) filled with (c) associated with (d) attachedto
  8. some or the most important concepts in physics their success to these mathematical systems.
  (a) oblige (b) owe (c) contribute (d) attribute
  9. as your instructor advised, you ought to spend your time on something researching into.
  (a) precious (b) worth (c) worthy (d) valuable
  10. as a defense against air - pollution damage, many plants and animals a substance to absorb harmful chemicals.
  (a) relieve (b) release (c) dismiss (d) discard
  11. without the friction between their feet and the ground, people would be able to walk.
  (a) in no time (b) by all means (c) in no way (d) on any account
  12. while typing, helen has a habit of stopping to give her long and flowing hair a smooth.
  (a) occasionally (b) simultaneously (c) eventually (d) promptly
  13. one reason for the successes of asian immigrants in the u.s. is that they have taken great
  to educate their children
  (a) efforts (b) pains (c) attempts (d) endeavous
  14. if any man here does not agree with me, he should his own plan for improving the living conditions of these people.
  (a) put on (b) put out (c) put in (d) put forward
  15. i support your decision, but i should also make it clear that i am not going to be to it.
  (a) connected (b) fastened (c) bound (d) stuck
  16. the english language contains a (n) of words which are comparatively seldom used in ordinary conversation.
  (a) altitude (b) latitude (c) multitude (d) attitude
  17. in my opinion, you can widen the ________ of this improvement through your active participation.
  (a) dimension (b) volume (c) magnitude (d) scope
  18. your improper words will give to doubts concerning your true intentions.
  (a) rise (b) reason (c) suspicion (d) impulse
  19. the news item about the fire is followed by a detailed report made .
  (a) on the spot (b) on the site (c) on the location (d) on the ground
  20.the remarkable of life on the galopagos islands inspired charles darwin to establish his theory of evolution.
  (a) classification (b) variety (c) density (d) diversion
  1.本题的答案是(c)
  regard表示"考虑",所以(a)disregarded:表示"不理、不顾、漠视"之意。(b) distorted:"弄歪,歪曲"。(c)irritated:"被激怒,恼火"。(d) intervened:意为"介入、插入quot;,为不及物动词,因此不可能有be intervened这种被动语态,从意思上讲,只能是"被他的坏行为"激怒,不可能为其他意思,因此(c) irritated为正确答案。
  2.本题的答案是(a)
  本题考查考生对call这一动词与介(副)词搭配成词组时,词组的不同含义。(a) call forth:"唤起,发挥"。(a)与题意吻合,故应选(a)。(b) call at:"访问"。(c)call on :"号召,拜访,探望。"(d) call off :"取消,转移"。此题句意为:craig向他的老板保证,在做这项新工作中,他将发挥他所有的能力。
  3.本题的答案是(d)
  (a) disclosure:close为"关闭"之意, disclose为其反义,即"揭开,揭发"。(b) exhibition: "展览,表演",一般用于exhibition of ...表示:"……的展览",或on exhibition: "在展览中"。(c)contact:"接触,联系",用于contact with :"同……接触"。(d)exposure :"暴露;揭露",用于词组exposure to : "暴露于……中"。根据句意及用词搭配,都应该选(d)exposure。
  4.本题的答案是(b)
  (a)dim:"混沌的,模糊的",go dim:指"(脑子)变得混沌不清楚。"(b)blank: "空白的",go blank指"(头脑)变成一片空白",与后面"我几乎记不起来我自己的生日"意思相吻合,故应选(b)。(c)faint : "衰弱的,昏晕的",go faint :一般指"(身体)发晕";(d)vain :"空费的,徒劳的;自负的"。一般不与go搭配。
  5、本题的答案是(d)
  (a)incompatible: "不能共存的,不相容的"。(b) incredible:"难以置信的;不可思议的"。(c)indefinite: "含糊的;不明确的"。(d)indispensible:"必不可少的;必需的"。此题目译为:知识的扩充头脑的必不可少的条件,这是名言。根据常识判断,(d)是最合适的答案。
  6.本题的答案是(c)
  此题目考查词组意义区别。(a)got off : "下来,出发,动身"。(b)pulled down:"拆毁;拖垮"。(c)broke away(from): "脱离,摆脱",这个意思最符合原文,故应选(c)。(d)dropped off :"陆续散去,睡着"。
  7.本题的答案是(a)
  (a)(be)subjected to : "遭受,受到"。(b)(be ) filled with : "充满了"。(c)(be) associated with: "与……联系在一起"。(d)(be) attached to:"附属于,依恋于"。显然是(a)"遭受到极大的不断的噪声"为最合理。
  8.本题的答案是(b)
  (a)oblige ...(to do):"强迫……做某事

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